• article item

    • Be Outraged: There are alternatives

      Jolly, Richard; Cornia, Giovanni Andrea; Elson, Diane; Fortin, Carlos; Griffith-Jones, Stephany; Helleiner, Gerry; van der Hoeven, Rolph; Kaplinsky, Raphie; Morgan, Richard; Ortiz, Isabel; et al. (21/05/2012)
      An international group of economists and social scientists argue in this book that austerity is bad economics, bad arithmetic, and ignores the lessons of history. They are outraged at the narrow range of austerity policies which are bringing so many people around the world to their knees, especially in Europe. ‘Be Outraged’ argues that austerity measures and cutbacks are reducing growth and worsening poverty and that there are alternatives – for Britain, Europe and all countries that currently imagine that government cutbacks are the only way out of debt.
    • Climate Change Liability: Transnational law and practice

      Lord, Richard; Goldberg, Silke; Rajamani, Lavanya; Brunnee, Jutta (Cambridge University Press, 03/12/2011)
      As frustration mounts in some quarters at the perceived inadequacy or speed of international action on climate change and as the likelihood of significant impacts grows, the focus is increasingly turning to liability for climate change damage. Actual or potential climate change liability implicates a growing range of actors, including governments, industry, businesses, non-governmental organisations, individuals and legal practitioners. Climate Change Liability provides an objective, rigorous and accessible overview of the existing law and the direction it might take in seventeen developed and developing countries and the European Union. In some jurisdictions, the applicable law is less developed and less the subject of current debate. In others, actions for various kinds of climate change liability have already been brought, including high profile cases such as Massachusetts vs. Environmental Protection Agency in the United States. Each chapter explores the potential for and barriers to climate change liability in private and public law. For more information or to purchase a copy of this book online, go to www.cambridge.org/climateliability/. Cambridge University Press also has a microsite on climate change featuring a number of their titles: http://www.cambridge.org/features/climatechange/
    • Coagulation and Disinfection Manual

      Oxfam GB, 2003-09-15
      This manual is part of a series of guides devised by the Oxfam Public Health Engineering Team to help provide a reliable water supply for populations affected by conflict or natural disaster. The equipment is designed to be used with any or all of the following Oxfam water equipment: Water Pumping equipment, Water Storage equipment, Water Filtration equipment, Water Distribution equipment, Hand-dug Well equipment, and Water Testing Kit. All are designed using available, easily transported equipment which is simple, rapidly assembled, and fully self-contained, to provide an adequate, safe water supply at moderate cost. The principles used in these packages may often be useful in long-term development projects.
    • Digitoxin metabolism by rat liver microsomes.

      Schmoldt, A; Benthe, H F; Haberland, G; Sanchez, G; Alderete, J F; Bridgewater, S; Camp, H M; Hendrickson, W A; Ward, K B; Galliard, T; et al. (1975-09-01)
      1. Crude extracts and partially purified enzyme preparations from potato tubers catalyse, at pH 5-7, the conversion of linoleic acid hydroperoxides to a range of oxygenated fatty acid derivatives. 2. 9-D- and 13-L-hydroperoxide isomers are converted at similar rates to equivalent (isomeric) products. 3. The major products from the 13-hydroperoxide isomer were identified as the corresponding monohydroxydienoic acid derivative, threo-11-hydroxy-trans12,13-epoxy-octadec-cis9-enoic acid and 9,12,13-trihydroxy-octadec-trans10-enoic acid. The corresponding products from the 9-hydroperoxide were the monohydroxydienoic acid, 9,10-epoxy-11-hydroxy-octadec-12-enoic acid and 9,10,13-trihydroxy-octadec-11-enoic acid. 4. No separation of activities forming the different products was achieved by partial purification of enzyme extracts. 5. Product formation was unaffected by EDTA, CN-, sulphydryl reagents or glutathione but was reduced by boiling the extracts. 6. This system is compared with the 9-hydroperoxide-specific enzymic formation of divinyl ether derivatives by potato extracts.
    • Economic Analysis of the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Russia

      Safonov, Georgiy; Safonova, Yulia (BioMed Central, 01/04/2013)
      Climate Change
    • Effectiveness Review: Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets, Philippines

      Hughes, Karl (Oxfam GB, 2012-10-08)
      The Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory programme is being implemented by Oxfam’s partner organisation, Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). The project aims is to improve household food security and empower women among a group of indigenous peoples that reside in a mountainous area that make up the Manobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of this project carried out in March 2011.
    • Effectiveness Review: Food Security and Livelihoods Support among Fishers and Fish Processors, Democratic Republic of Congo

      Fuller, Rob (Oxfam GB, 2013-04-22)
      Oxfam GB carried out a food security and livelihoods programme in the area of Kasenyi and Tchomia, beside Lake Albert in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, from December 2008 to November 2009. In early 2012, a quasi-experimental evaluation was carried out to determine whether the impact of this work had been sustained. These reports document the findings of this process.
    • Effectiveness Review: Routes to Solidarity, England

      Cambridge Policy Consultants (Oxfam GB, 2012-10-16)
      Oxfam's Routes to Solidarity project, launched in April 2009, seeks to empower Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) women and women’s groups by strengthening their organisational capacity and networking skills. This work is accompanied by efforts to ensure policy-makers are better informed and are putting in place policy solutions that benefit BME communities in England. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in March 2012, which used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of Routes to Solidarity's project in light of six targeted policy and practice changes identified by BME women themselves .
    • Emergency Shelter: Principles and practice

      Oxfam GB, 2012-04-15
      As part of our humanitarian mandate, Oxfam initiates and supports emergency shelter interventions for people affected by disasters and conflicts. Our experience shows that the rapid distribution of shelter NFIs and shelter support for host families can help people meet their immediate needs for dignity, privacy and protection from adverse weather. This Technical Briefing Note outlines the different approaches and key principles to be considered when considering emergency shelter programmes in humanitarian responses.
    • Extreme Weather Events and Crop Price Spikes in a Changing Climate: Illustrative global simulation scenarios

      Willenbockel, Dirk (Oxfam International, 05/09/2012)
      Agriculture is highly sensitive to climate variability and weather extremes. Various impact studies have considered the effects of projected long-run trends in temperature, precipitation and CO2 concentrations caused by climate change on global food production and prices. But an area that remains underexplored is the food price impacts that may result from an expected increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. This study uses a global dynamic multi-region computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to explore the potential food price impacts of a number of extreme weather event scenarios in 2030 for each of the main exporting regions for rice, maize and wheat.
    • Fertile Ground

      Ponder, Val (12/10/2012)
      Farming in the UK continues to experience challenges. The pressure to increase efficiency, whilst input costs rise and policies and support structures change, lead many farmers to question how their farms will fit into the farming sector of tomorrow. The National Farmers Network - an Oxfam partner - supports low income farmers all over the UK to improve the sustainability of their farming businesses, mainly through encouraging collaboration between farmers. This publication highlights good practice in the work of farmers with community-led support organisations around the UK.
    • From Poverty to Power, 2nd Edition: How active citizens and effective states can change the world

      Green, Duncan; Bundy, Claire (BioMed Central, 23/10/2012)
      Seismic events have convulsed global markets since 2008, when From Poverty to Power was first published. World news has been full of stories reflecting a profound sense of uncertainty about global futures. In response, this new edition of From Poverty to Power has been fully revised and now includes an in-depth analysis of the human impact of the global financial and food crises. From Poverty to Power, 2nd Edition argues that a radical redistribution of power, opportunities, and assets, rather than traditional models of charitable or government aid, is required to break the cycle of poverty and inequality. Active citizens and effective states are driving this transformation. Why active citizens? Because people living in poverty must have a voice in deciding their own destiny and holding the state and the private sector to account. Why effective states? Because history shows that no country has prospered without a state structure that can actively manage the development process. There is now an added urgency: climate change. We need to build a secure, fair, and sustainable world within the limits set by scarce resources and ecological realities. The book is accompanied by a list of blog resources.The From Poverty to Power blog played a key role in shaping the second edition of the book.Selected posts have now been indexed thematically to create an effective list of background material that can be read alongside the book.
    • Generation of Human Antigen-Specific Monoclonal IgM Antibodies Using Vaccinated “Human Immune System” Mice

      Becker, Pablo D.; Legrand, Nicolas; van Geelen, Caroline M. M.; Noerder, Miriam; Huntington, Nicholas D.; Lim, Annick; Yasuda, Etsuko; Diehl, Sean A.; Scheeren, Ferenc A.; Ott, Michael; et al. (01/08/2013)
    • A Little Gender Handbook for Emergencies or Just Plain Common Sense

      Clifton, Deborah (01/11/1999)
      Oxfam believes that equality is most effectively approached by changing the unequal relations of men and women to one another. Emergency response is always conducted with the long-term goal of gender equality in mind. Recognising and responding to gender differences is an important step in improving the quality of emergency aid and 'The The Little Gender Handbook for Emergencies' includes a number of helpful checklists for conducting a gender-aware response.
    • Malaria Control Manual

      Oxfam GB, 2006-04-25
      This manual is meant for all Oxfam staff who may be involved in initiating a malaria control project in humanitarian situations specifically although much of the background information will be useful for longer term programmes. Knowledge of malaria control is important for Public Health Promoters, Water and Sanitation Engineers and Project Co-ordinators and Managers in order to facilitate decision-making and project formulations.
    • Mali: A New Development Contract: What kind of aid is needed to end the crisis?

      Labusquière, Maylis (Oxfam International, 2013-07-05)
      Mali is the third largest producer of gold in Africa and yet one in five Malians still live in extreme poverty. More than 12 months of conflict, insecurity and human rights violations have further weakened communities. The north of the country is now facing its second food crisis in less than two years, with experts predicting an emergency situation in the coming months if nothing is done. This Oxfam briefing calls for action to meet these massive humanitarian and development needs, and a new development contract to be agreed between citizens and the Malian authorities so that the latter can be held accountable for the policies they implement. Development must be informed by the needs and interests of ordinary people, who need to be much more involved in decisions that will determine their future. Donors have an important role to play, given the magnitude of aid they provide, starting with a commitment to continue providing aid for at least the next 15 years. Aid can contribute to improving governance and transparency in Mali. Donors should evaluate the impact of their aid to Mali over the past two decades and set an example with transparent aid that does not fuel conflict but rather helps to build lasting peace. The Donor Conference in Brussels on 15 May 2013 is an opportunity to set in motion a new development contract for Mali.
    • Managing Price Risk in Local Food Reserves: Analysing the prospects for a stabilisation fund in Mali and Niger

      Alba, Martin; Serra, Teresa; Gil, José María (Oxfam International, 05/07/2013)
      Local food reserves can contribute to food security strategies and have the potential to empower communities. These collective initiatives are set up and owned by small-scale producers with the objective of increasing the availability and access to food, or of increasing income by managing the food-price cycle. But the rate of failure among local food reserves is high, largely as a result of climate and price risks, coupled with challenges linked to their design, planning and management This research report analyses the possibility of developing a stabilisation fund as an effective price risk management tool to help local food reserves overcome their vulnerability to price cycle inversions. Four scenarios were considered and modelled on the basis of price data in a series of 12 cereal markets in Mali and Niger over a 15-year time span. The report concludes that the type of stabilisation fund outlined could represent a viable way of managing price risk in countries where the option of using market-based tools to tackle price risk is not available.