• Review of Humanitarian Advocacy in Liberia and Ivory Coast during the Ivorian Crisis

      Jones, Brandy; Diouf, Alexandre (Oxfam GB, 2011-12-01)
      This report is part of learning activities undertaken by Oxfam’s West Africa Regional Office in order to improve the way that it conducts future advocacy campaigns during humanitarian crises in the region. Oxfam implemented an advocacy program in both Ivory Coast and Liberia. In both countries the advocacy work addressed the aftermath of the post-electoral crisis in Ivory Coast. In response to this crisis, Oxfam launched an ambitious campaign to strengthen the humanitarian response by addressing the needs of the hundreds of thousands of displaced people and those threatened by the fallout from the political conflict in the Ivory Coast. Oxfam’s role during the crisis was critical and important, the agency served as a leader for its peers. Not only conducting direct interventions in the sectors of water and sanitation, livelihoods, shelter and protection, Oxfam set themselves apart by working collaboratively with peer organizations to advocate and lobby for an improved and better coordinated effort.
    • South Sudan Emergency Response in Maban County, Upper Nile State: Mid-Term Review Summary

      Oxfam GB, 2013-04-04
      Since becoming independent on 9 July 2011, South Sudan has faced many challenges. Poor harvests have led to severe food shortages, and there have been continuous conflicts across the border with Sudan. In September 2011, intense fighting broke out in the Blue Nile State of Sudan between the Sudan Armed Forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (North). Thousands of people fled the fighting, and over 30,000 refugees arrived in the camps in Jamam, a village in the remote Upper Nile State of South Sudan. Since November 2011, Oxfam and other humanitarian agencies have been responding to emergency needs of refugees displaced from Blue Nile. Drawing on an independent review, this summary report reviews the speed and quality of Oxfam’s intervention in the first seven and a half months of 2012, and responds to questions raised by other humanitarian actors including UNHCR and MSF about its performance. The aim of this summary is to contribute to organisational learning on the implementation of humanitarian interventions. It acknowledges Oxfam’s achievements, but also addresses challenges about the nature of its response. The summary draws together key points to aid understanding of the context of this programme, and critically examines what Oxfam and others could do differently to deliver rapid, good-quality emergency WASH programmes in the future. It summarises findings from an independent review, and makes recommendations for policy and practice that could have enhanced the Maban response, and will help to improve the quality of further programmes by Oxfam and other agencies working in complex, fragile environments.